By Daniela & Lourdes

E-Learning Evolution
E-learning 2.0 is derived directly from Web 2.0. Web 2.0, a term coined in 2005 by Tim O’Reilly, refers to content production by users on the web. Instead of having a limited number of authors or simply one author to provide information on a website, users from all around the globe can be content producers. This makes way for real time interaction, collaboration and participation over the internet. Podcasting, tagging, web content voting, blogging and RSS (Rich Site Summary/Real Simply Syndication) are examples of Web 2.0 technologies (Safran et al., 2007).
Applying Web 2.0 technologies in education is denoted as E-learning 2.0 as Stephen Downes dubbed it. E-learning 2.0 emulates the principles of Web 2.0 because it is a pedagogical strategy where learners interact to learn. This interaction occurs through discussions, writing posts, collaborative writing or working on projects. Bartolome (2008) noted that this mode of distance learning will become pervasive even in non-formal education; it will end the separation between learning and living. Available e-learning technologies 2.0 include:
  • Wikis – Students populate the available web space with information they gather over a period of time.
  • Weblog – Presentation of content in reverse chronological order (Edmodo, StudiVZ).
  • Podcasting – Posting audio recording related to a particular subject. For example, English literature students role play one of Shakespeare’s plays
  • Bookmark sharing – Using technologies to share with friends the sites you found interesting (del.icio.us)
  • Open Source applications – Students can modify an online hosted project (KODU, Alice) at any time of day without having to have their peers physically present with them
  • Webinars – Students hold video conferences to further the discussion started in class
A far more organized aid for online learning which can also be used to support e-learning 2.0 is LMS (Learning Management System). LMS is software that allows for courses to be held totally online. Examples of LMSs include ATutor, Claroline, Moodle and EFront. Features of LMSs include:
  • Administrative part
  • Real-time content publishing from the teacher and the students
  • Machine independent: portable
Abiding by a set of social media guidelines when learning is taking place with an e-learning 2.0 strategy is important. Social media guidelines may vary depending on several factors such as the age group of the participants, the objectives of the group, the material discussed etc. Some social media guidelines that students should take note if a course is being held using a Learning Management System include:
  • Accepting that whatever the participant publishes in a category visible to all can be displayed, copied and even distributed.
  • When reproducing material, credit to the author is imperative
  • Any post uploaded does not necessarily reflect the view of the LMS’s administrator/s
  • Posts which according to the LMS’s administrator are either illegal, obscene, defamatory, threatening, infringing of intellectual property rights, invasive of privacy or otherwise injurious or objectionable are deleted immediately
References:
Bartolome, A. (2008). Web 2.0 and New Learning Paradigms. eLearning Papers, No. 8, ISSN 1887-1542.
Safran, C., Helic ,D., Gutl, C. (2007). E-Learning Practices and Web 2.0. Conference ICL2007, Austria.
http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/terms-of-use/
http://www.slideshare.net/janehart/the-future-of-elearning-is-social-learnng
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Free_learning_management_systems