HTML5 is the latest mark-up language to be used for websites, as defined by the World Wide Web Consortium, W3C for short. One may think that HTML5 is a recent development, however it has been around since 2008 although very little occurred until 2011. This is when people actually started to use HTML5. At the time there was one drawback, which was very limited support for HTML5 in the common internet browsers such as Chrome and Firefox. W3C gave the “Living Standard” in 2012. This means that it has reached a stage which is accepted for daily use, while not being fully complete. New features and improvements may be added but already present functions cannot be removed. W3c gave the “Final Recommendation” in 2014.

History of HTML

The following table, taken from w3schools will highlight the important milestones in the lifetime of HTML;

Tim Berners-Lee invented www
Tim Berners-Lee invented HTML
Dave Raggett drafted HTML+
HTML Working Group defined HTML 2.0
W3C Recommended HTML 3.2
W3C Recommended HTML 4.01
W3C Recommended XHTML 1.0
HTML5 WHATWG First Public Draft
HTML5 WHATWG Living Standard
HTML5 W3C Final Recommendation

One noteworthy observation is that before HTML5, the latest release of HTML was version 4.01 which was made available to the public in 1999, exactly fifteen years before HTML5. Without a doubt the internet had evolved during that time, and this is why the creation of HTML5 was so important. One of the most important new features introduced in HTML5 is the reduction of dependencies on external plugins, particularly plugins like Adobe Flash. This will also help reduce any vulnerabilities which can be exploited through the use of these plugins.


W3org. (2015). W3org. Retrieved 8 October, 2015, from

1stwebdesignercom. (2013). 1stWebDesigner. Retrieved 8 October, 2015, from

W3schoolscom. (2015). W3schoolscom. Retrieved 8 October, 2015, from

Introduction to HTML5: