html5_logo.png

HTML5


HTML5 is the latest mark-up language to be used for websites, as defined by the World Wide Web Consortium, W3C for short. One may think that HTML5 is a recent development, however it has been around since 2008 although very little occurred until 2011. This is when people actually started to use HTML5. At the time there was one drawback, which was very limited support for HTML5 in the common internet browsers such as Chrome and Firefox. W3C gave the “Living Standard” in 2012. This means that it has reached a stage which is accepted for daily use, while not being fully complete. New features and improvements may be added but already present functions cannot be removed. W3c gave the “Final Recommendation” in 2014.

History of HTML


The following table, taken from w3schools will highlight the important milestones in the lifetime of HTML;

Version
Year
Tim Berners-Lee invented www
1989
Tim Berners-Lee invented HTML
1991
Dave Raggett drafted HTML+
1993
HTML Working Group defined HTML 2.0
1995
W3C Recommended HTML 3.2
1997
W3C Recommended HTML 4.01
1999
W3C Recommended XHTML 1.0
2000
HTML5 WHATWG First Public Draft
2008
HTML5 WHATWG Living Standard
2012
HTML5 W3C Final Recommendation
2014

One noteworthy observation is that before HTML5, the latest release of HTML was version 4.01 which was made available to the public in 1999, exactly fifteen years before HTML5. Without a doubt the internet had evolved during that time, and this is why the creation of HTML5 was so important. One of the most important new features introduced in HTML5 is the reduction of dependencies on external plugins, particularly plugins like Adobe Flash. This will also help reduce any vulnerabilities which can be exploited through the use of these plugins.

References


W3org. (2015). W3org. Retrieved 8 October, 2015, from http://www.w3.org/TR/html5/introduction.html


1stwebdesignercom. (2013). 1stWebDesigner. Retrieved 8 October, 2015, from http://www.1stwebdesigner.com/html5-introduction/


W3schoolscom. (2015). W3schoolscom. Retrieved 8 October, 2015, from http://www.w3schools.com/html/html5_intro.asp

Introduction to HTML5: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Kzil7BOpDxw